Ecology and Behavior:
This is a colonial cave dweller that usually inhabits deep caverns,
but is also found in mines, culverts, hollow trees, and unoccupied buildings.
This bat occupies a variety of habitats from high-elevation, pine-oak
woodlands to sparsely vegetated deserts. The muzzle is greatly lengthened,
and this bat has a long protrusive tongue attached to the sternum posteriorly.
There are rows of hair like projections covering the area near the tip
of the tongue, which aid in acquiring nectar. It emerges relatively
late in the evening to feed. It is an agile flyer, capable of quick
maneuvering and relatively high-speed flights. It makes swooshing sounds
as it flies and can fly straight up while maintaining a horizontal body
position. When foraging at agaves, it crawls down the stalk, thrusts
its snout into the flowers, and licks nectar with its long tongue, which
can be extended up to 7.5 centimeters, and can reach nectar at the base
of the flowers. It emerges from the flowers covered with pollen and
is an effective pollinator of many cacti, agaves, and other plants.
Greater Long-nosed bats primarily feed on nectar, pollen, insects,
and soft, succulent fruits of cactus during the non-flowering season.
Reproduction and Longevity:
One baby is born in April, May, or June.
Status of Populations:
It is rare in the United States and is considered endangered.
Text, in its original form, provided
by T. L. Best, M. J. Harvey, and J. S. Altenbach. Printed spectrographs
provided by M. J. O'Farrell. Distribution maps, call descriptions, and
AnaMusic sound clips produced by W. L. Gannon. Accounts assembled by T.