Publication Series of the Museum of Southwestern Biology
The Museum of Southwestern Biology (MBS) of the University of
New Mexico (UNM) has a long-standing (1983) Publication Series
that offers an outlet for two kinds of scholarly manuscripts.
The Occasional Papers series is intended for manuscripts that
constitute primary literature, such as that found in other refereed
journals and the Special Publications series is intended for
longer monographic manuscripts. Contingent upon successful review,
the MSB Publication Series will publish high quality, specimen-based
papers that focus on the areas of taxonomy, systematics, ecology,
and natural history of microbes, plants, and animals of the southwestern
United States and Latin America. However, specimen-based work
from other regional, national, and international locations will
be considered if they seem relevant to our areas of interest,
or are of special merit. Our Publication Series is non-profit
and the cost of publications is supported by modest page charges
and by the MSB. Manuscripts in English are accepted from investigators
in any country, regardless of whether they are affiliated with
the MSB, but the topical areas of submitted papers should fall
within our Mission as noted above.
Conditions of acceptance
Manuscripts are received by the MSB Publication Series with the
- all manuscripts and accompanying figures and tables must be
- all authors have approved the manuscript’s submission;
- the results or ideas contained therein are original;
- the work has not been published previously;
- the paper is not under consideration for publication elsewhere
and will not be submitted elsewhere unless rejected by the MSB
Publication Series or withdrawn by written notification to the
- if accepted for publication and published, the article, or
portions thereof, will not be published elsewhere unless consent
is obtained in writing from the Editor;
- reproduction and fair use of articles in either the Occasional
Papers or the Special Publications are permitted in accordance
with the United States Copyright Revision Law (PL94-533), provided
the intended use is for non-profit educational purposes. All
other use requires consent and fees where appropriate;
- the obligation for page charges is accepted by the authors.
Articles reporting original research are evaluated by at least two anonymous
members of our Editorial Board (see www.msb.unm.edu) selected by the Editor,
who may consult with the Director of the MSB and/or the most appropriate
division Curator. The final decision of whether or not to publish is made
by the Editor after reviews and opinions of the Editorial Board are considered.
Authors will be charged $10.00 for each published page. Authors may
request the waiving of page charges and their requests will be considered
on the basis of need.
Return of materials
Rejected papers: When the decision is made not to publish a paper all
materials submitted electronically are destroyed. Rejected manuscripts
are not reconsidered.
Papers returned for revision: Based on the review, manuscripts
may be accepted with minor revision or may be re-reviewed
following a decision to make major revisions and reconsider. Specific
regarding the revision format will be supplied by the Editor
after a manuscript has been accepted for publication in the Series.
If the revision
is not received within three months, or if other arrangements
have not been made with the Editor, the manuscript is considered
to have been
withdrawn and the submitted materials are destroyed.
Form of publication
All papers will be published electronically and pdfs will be available
Guidelines for Authors
Preparation and submission
All manuscripts must be prepared and submitted according to the guidelines
of this section.
Submission and Typing: All original manuscripts must
be submitted electronically.
Typing should be double spaced in 12-point Times New Roman or Arial font
as either a Word, RTF, or LaTex document. Proportional spacing and hyphenation
should not be used, i.e., do not justify right-hand margin. Do not leave
extra space between paragraphs in the text. Genera and species should
be in italics. Authors' names in the literature cited section should
be typed with capitals for the initials and first letter of the last
name and lowercase for all other letters.
Acceptance: When a manuscript has been accepted for publication by the
Editor, specific instructions for preparation of the revision will be
supplied electronically to the senior author. It remains the responsibility
of the author to retain a copy of the manuscript for reference and to
protect against loss. Manuscripts should be addressed to: Prof. Howard Snell,
Editorial Board, MSB Publication Series, 1 Univ of NM, MSC03 2020, Alb, NM 87131, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Occasional Papers Articles
Manuscripts are to be organized in the following format and sequence,
with all pages numbered consecutively and line numbers provided throughout
Title page (page 1): Give the title of the article, the names
of authors, and address of first author. At the bottom of
the page, give the name, address, telephone number and email address
author designated to receive correspondence from the Editor.
The title and authors’ names should be in bold type, and the same font
size as the text. Titles should be short and descriptive. Avoid empty
words such as, “preliminary studies on ...” and “biology
or ecology of ....” Do not use the authority (author and date
citations) with scientific names in the title. Numbers less than 11
are spelled out. Complete addresses, including email addresses for
other authors, if different from that of the first author, are given
ABSTRACT: On a single page (page 2), provide an abstract of the paper
that does not exceed 400-500 words. The abstract should be factual
(as opposed to indicative) and should outline the objective(s) and/or
question(s) addressed, methods used, results, conclusions, and significance
of the study. The abstract is headed with the word abstract, marginal
(i.e., not indented), and typed in bold capital letters, ending with
a colon also in bold type. Text is run in after the colon, is not
subdivided, and does not contain literature citations.
Introduction (page 3): Start the introduction on an unheaded page
with the first word of the first paragraph started at the left-hand
margin. Following paragraphs should begin with a single indent. The
introduction should establish the context of the paper by stating
the general field of interest and how the research to be presented
fits into this field, presenting findings of others that will be challenged
or developed, and specifying the specific question to be addressed.
Accounts of previous work should be limited to the minimum information
necessary to give an appropriate perspective. The introduction should
not be subdivided and extra spacing between paragraphs should not
be used here or throughout the remainder of the manuscript.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This heading should be typed in bold capital
letters started at the left-hand margin of the page without punctuation.
The text of this section should start on the next line and give sufficient
information to permit repetition of the study by others. Methods and
apparatus used should be indicated, but specific brand names and models
need to be mentioned only if significant. The source (e.g., city and
state, both spelled in full) of special equipment or chemicals should
be given. Previously published or standard techniques are to be referenced,
but not detailed.
Second-level headings in bold type should be on a separate line beginning
at the left-hand margin. The initial letter of the first word is the
only capital letter except capitals needed for proper nouns. These
headings are unnumbered and end without punctuation. Text is run immediately
following this heading.
Third-level headings: are indented for a paragraph, italicized, and
end with a colon. The initial letter of the first word is the only
capital letter, except capitals needed for proper nouns. Text is run
in immediately following this heading. Further subdivision should
not be needed. If the materials and methods section is short, it should
not be subdivided; it is unnecessary to provide headings, beyond the
primary head, for a series of subsections comprising single paragraphs.
RESULTS: This heading should be typed in bold capital letters started
at the left-hand margin of the page without punctuation. This section
should begin on the next line and contain a concise account of the
new information. Tables and figures are to be used as appropriate,
but information presented in them only should be repeated in the text
as necessary. Because of the electronic nature of publication, color
photos are encouraged. Avoid detailing methods and interpreting results
in this section. The results section may be subdivided and headed
as for the materials and methods section.
Taxonomic papers have distinct conditions that must be
adhered to; principally, museum accession numbers for appropriate
(new taxa) and for voucher specimens (surveys) are required.
Appropriate photographic material should be deposited for descriptions
for which individual specimens cannot be fixed and archived,
and frozen tissues must also include accession numbers if deposited
in a museum.
Gene sequences should be deposited in GenBank prior to
submission of the manuscript, with appropriate accession numbers
Taxonomic papers should include at least three distinct
sections: description, taxonomic summary, and remarks.
The description of a
new taxon must follow the most rigorous currently accepted
standards for the taxonomic group being reported. The
taxonomic summary section
should include a listing of the taxon or taxa, locality
(GPS coordinates, if possible), and specimens deposited.
Full scientific names of each
taxon mentioned, including the complete authority's name,
should be written out the first time it is mentioned.
The taxonomic summary
is followed by a remarks section which gives comparisons
to the most similar taxa. These three sections should
be headed as described for
second-level headings in the instructions for the materials
and methods section.
DISCUSSION: This heading should be typed in bold, capital letters,
started at the left-hand margin without punctuation. An interpretation
and explanation of the relationship of the results to existing knowledge
should appear in the discussion section and should parallel the presentation
of results. Emphasis should be placed on the important new findings,
and new hypotheses should be identified clearly. Conclusions must
be supported by facts or data.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS: These should be concise. The heading for
this section is as for the primary head described for the
materials and methods section. Subdivisions are not used in this
LITERATURE CITED: Citations are arranged alphabetically by
author’s last name. All references cited in the text must appear
in the literature cited section, and all items in this section must
be cited in the text. Abstracts may not be cited. Work may be cited
as "in press.” A statement may be documented in the text
of the paper by “pers. comm.” and is indicated in the
style: (X.Y. Smith, pers. comm.). Personal communications do not appear
in the literature cited section. The first line of each citation should
be indented one tab with all other lines marginal.
Style in the text:
(Allen, 1989) (Allen and Smith, 1989)
(Allen et al., 1989) (Jones, 1987, 1988a, 1988b, 1989)
(Jones, 1987; Allen, 1989), chronological
(Jones 1987; Allen, 1989; Smith, 1989), chronological and
alphabetical within year
Multiple authors with the same year of publication should
be (Smith, Jones, Walker, l988; Smith, Walker, and Jones,1988), not (Smith et al., 1988a, 1988b)
Style in the literature cited section (all journal names spelled
Journal article, 1 author: Corliss, J.O. 1962. Taxonomic-nomenclatural
practices in protozoology and the new international code of zoological
nomenclature. Journal of Protozoology 9:307-324.
Journal article, 2 authors: Hoffman, R.L. and J.A. Payne.
1969. Diplopods as carnivores. Ecology 50:1096-1098.
Journal article, 3 or more authors: write name of first
author as above and initials and names of all other authors
in the same order
as they appear in the article.
Book: Barnes, R.D. 1987. Invertebrate zoology (5th ed.).
Saunders, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 893 p.
Chapter in edited book: Ubaghs, G. 1960. General characteristics
of the Echinodermata. Pp. 3-46, In Chemical zoology,
Vol. 3. (M. Florkin and B.T. Scheer, eds.). Academic
Press, New York,
Thesis or dissertation: Moore, D.W. 1986. Systematic
and biogeographic relationships among the Talpinae
(Insectivora: Talpidae). Unpublished dissertation,
The University of
New Mexico. 105 p.
TABLES. Tables are used to present data that cannot be incorporated
conveniently into the text. Ordinarily values from statistical tests
are not published as tables; tests employed and probability accepted
for significance can be stated in the materials and methods section
with significant differences indicated in tables by footnotes or in
the text by a statement. Tables may be continued on following pages
to accommodate length.
Tables are numbered with Roman numerals in a continuous series
and so referenced, in sequence, in the text. Table headings
are typed above the table on the same page. Species names are spelled
full, and italicized, the first time used in each caption.
All columns in a table must have headings, with the first letter
of the first
word and proper nouns capitalized (e.g., “Number sampled,” “%
Horizontal lines should be avoided in the body of the table;
one horizontal line should be used to separate column headers
from the data beneath and one horizontal line should be used
to separate the last row in the table from footnotes (if used).
be designated by the use of letters or numbers as superscripts,
but must be internally consistent (i.e., all letters alphabetically
all numbers sequentially). Symbol designations also may be
employed but only used in this obligate sequence: *, †, ‡, §,
, ¦, #, **, ‡‡.
FIGURES. Each figure or plate of figures must have a caption.
The caption is written in paragraph style, beginning with the
word "Figure." Captions are typed in roman, except
when italic type is required (e.g., a genus and species). For
plates, a summary statement should precede the specific explanation
of each figure. Avoid repeating information for each figure that
can be placed in the summary statement. Species names are spelled
out in full the first time used in each caption. The caption
must contain an explanation of all abbreviations used on the
figures and indicate the value of lines or bars used to show
size (unless the value is shown directly on the figure). Size
should not be indicated by magnification in the caption because
the figure might not be printed at the size calculated.
Figures are numbered consecutively in the sequence mentioned
in the text. Non-parenthetical references to figures in
the text are not abbreviated (i.e., Figure l; Figures 1, 2; Figures
references to figures in parentheses in the text are abbreviated
(i.e., Fig. 1; Figs. 1, 2; Figs. 1-3). All symbols used
in a figure must be defined when possible by a key within the
body of the figure.
When symbols are set in the caption, the following are
Figures may be used singly or grouped in a plate. Photographs
and line drawings generally are not combined in a single
plate and should be labeled as separate figures. Single
figures and each
figure in a plate must include a number or letter. All
figures and plates should be prepared in a size proportional
to the printed
dimensions and must be able to stand reduction if deemed
appropriate by the Editor.
Special Publication articles
Monographic or review-length articles should generally follow the
form described for Occasional Papers articles, except that other sections
may be used in place of the materials and methods, results, and discussion
sections. Headings should be restricted to major headings and no more
than two sublevels. Extra spacing between paragraphs is not permitted.
Use of tabular data or figures from the work of others must be consistent
with copyright law, and it is the responsibility of the author to
supply appropriate permissions when the manuscript is submitted.
General points of style
Scientific names: The full binominal name is written
out at the first use of a species name. At subsequent use,
generic component is abbreviated by use of the first letter,
except at the beginning of a sentence where it is written
out. Genera and species should be italicized, not
underlined ,throughout the manuscript. Author and date citations
used the first time a taxon is mentioned in the abstract
and the text, but not subsequently except as described for
tables and figures. Use must be in accordance with the appropriate
international code for the taxa under study. Author and date
citations used only as authorities for scientific names do
not appear in the literature cited section.
Authors are reminded that names of taxa are not names of organisms.
For example, Canis is the name of a genus (a group of related species)
and as such it does not give birth, ingest rodents, possess a tail,
etc. These are properties of organisms.
Mathematical and chemical notations: These should conform to the
same conventions as those used for chemical and biochemical/molecular
Use of numbers: In the text, numbers should be Arabic numerals
except when beginning a sentence. Naked decimals are not
permitted in the text, tables, legends, or on figures; i.e., use
0.1, not .1.
Numbers greater than 999 must have commas. Metric units
are to be used in all articles. The 24-hour or military time system
used to indicate time; e.g., 1500 hr.
Acronyms and abbreviations: At first use, acronyms are
placed in parentheses following the name written out
in full. In subsequent
use, the acronym alone is used. An acronym may begin
a sentence. Sentences may not begin with an abbreviation and abbreviations
are as recommended
in the Council of Biology Editors (CBE) style manual.
Publication Series uses all International System of Measurement
(SI) metric unit
abbreviations. Common CBE and SI abbreviations include
the following (the same abbreviation is used for plural
hr (hour; use 0-2400 hr for time)
day (not abbreviated)
n. sp. (new species)
n. gen. (new genus)
L (liter; but ml for milliliter)
g (gravity; not x g)
RH (relative humidity)
P.o. (per os)
ad lib. (ad libitum)
U.S.A. (as a noun)
U.S. (as an adjective)
sp. gr. (specific gravity)
x (arithmetic mean)
r (correlation coefficient)
n (sample size)
SD (standard deviation of the mean)
SE (standard error of the mean)
df (degrees of freedom)
NS (not significant)
Basic Sl units
Prefixes for Sl units
Words and abbreviations in Latin (e.g., a priori) and other non-English
languages, except for genus and species names, are not italicized.
American spelling supersedes English spelling.
No and none are treated as singular; e.g., no flower was
found. If this form is not satisfactory, avoid use of the
The suffix “-like” is hyphenated only in combination
with a name in italic type or to avoid a triple l.
Because manuscripts are accepted only with the understanding
that the work was conducted in compliance with all relevant
laws and within the policy on animal care and use, a
separate statement regarding animal care and use is not required
as a part of each
When manuscripts are returned (electronically) for revision, a
cover letter from the Editor provides directions that must be followed
carefully. When returning the revised manuscript, include a cover
letter giving the manuscript number and describing how the manuscript
has been revised. A point-by-point statement of what has been revised
and a brief rebuttal of those criticisms not addressed should be
provided. All suggestions of the reviewers and the Editor must be
addressed individually. Reviewers are assigned numbers to simplify
this process. The revised manuscript and the author's comments are
reviewed again before the final electronic “proof” is
sent back to the corresponding author.
Authors are responsible for the accuracy of their revised proofs and,
therefore, what ultimately is produced as the final version published
electronically in the Publication Series. Corrected proofs
must be returned to the Editor promptly, ideally within a
week of receipt, or less. Receipt of proof is not acknowledged, but
authors are notified
when proof is not received within the week. Proofs are to
be corrected, not revised. Additions usually are disallowed except
to correct errors
made by the Editor. Correction of errors made by the author
may be billed to the author at the rate of $5.00 each. Queries on
are to be answered by "yes" or "no"; do not use "ok" or "stet."
MSB Publications Editorial Board 2005-2008
DR. RICHARD E. CLOPTON (term exp. 2008)
College of Science, P.O. Box 10
Peru State College
Peru NE 68421
Expertise: parasites of arthropods, taxonomy, systematics
MR. JONATHAN L. DUNN (term expires 2008)
RR2 Box 52R
Bishop, CA 93514
Tel: 760 387-1301
Expertise: bird taxonomy and systematics
DR. WAYNE J. ELISENS (term exp. 2008)
Dept of Botany & Microbiology
University of Oklahoma
770 Van Vleet Oval
Norman, OK 73019-6131 U.S.A.
Expertise: systematics of Scrophulariaceae, biogeography
DR. TOM FRITTS (term exp. 2008)
24 Madrone Flyway
Belen, New Mexico
Tel: 505 861-5365
Fax: 505 861-6814 (call phone first)
Expertise: ecology, herpetology
MR. DANIEL D. GIBSON (term exp. 2008)
University of Alaska Museum
907 Yukon Drive
Fairbanks, AK 99775-6960
Tel: 907 -474 7359
Expertise: birds systematics
DR. KEITH B. GIDO (term exp. 2008)
Division of Biology
Kansas State University
Manhattan, KS 66506-4901
Expertise: fish ecology, invasive species effects, fish
DR. JOHN J. JANOVY, JR. (term exp. 2008)
Varner Professor of Biological Sciences
School of Biological Sciences
University of Nebraska Lincoln
Lincoln, NE 68588-0118
Expertise: parasites of vertebrates and invertebrates
DR. CLYDE JONES (term exp. 2008)
Professor and Curator of Mammals,
Museum of Texas Tech University
Lubbock, TX 79409-3191
Expertise: mammals, faunal inventories
DR. ENRIQUE LESSA
Professor of Evolution
Facultad de Ciencias
P.O. Box: Casilla 12106
Universidad de la República
Montevideo 11300, Uruguay
Tel: 598-2-525-8618 (dial 7 to access extensions, then
Fax: 598-2-525 8617
Expertise: mammals, phylogenetics, evolution
DR. JAMES A. MACMAHON (term exp. 2008)
Department of Biology
Utah State University
Logan, UT 84322
Expertise: ecology of plants, vertebrates and invertebrates
(esp. grasshoppers, spiders)