LIST OF STANDARD ENGLISH AND CURRENT SCIENTIFIC NAMES

AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF NEW MEXICO

 

Compiled by Charles W. Painter and James N. Stuart

March 2004

 

 

Crother, B.I. (chair). Committee on Standard and English and Scientific Names. (2000) 2001. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding. Soc. Study Amphib. Rept. Herp. Circular No. 29 iii + 82 pp.

 

Crother, B.I., J. Boundy, K. DeQueiroz, and D. Frost. 2001. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico: Errata. Herpetol. Rev. 32(3):152-153.

 

Crother, B.I., J. Boundy, J.A. Campbell, K. DeQueiroz, D. Frost, D.M. Green, R. Highton, J.B. Iverson, R.W. McDiarmid, P.A Meylan, T.W. Reeder, M.E. Seidel, J.W. Sites, Jr., S.G. Tilley, and D.B. Wake. 2003. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico: Update. Herpetol. Rev. 34(3):196-203.

 

 

Anura – Frogs and Toads

 

Family Pelobatidae – Spadefoots

            Scaphiopus Holbrook 1836 – North American Spadefoots

                        Scaphiopus couchii Baird 1854 – Couch’s Spadefoot

 

            Spea Cope 1866 – Western Spadefoots

                        Spea bombifrons (Cope 1863) – Plains Spadefoot

                        Spea multiplicata (Cope 1863) – Mexican Spadefoot

                                    S. m. stagnalis (Cope 1875) – New Mexico Spadefoot

 

Family Leptodactylidae – Tropical Frogs

Eleutherodactylus Dumιril and Bibron 1841 – Rainfrogs

            Eleutherodactylus augusti (Dugθs 1879) – Barking Frog

                        E. a. latrans (Cope 1880) – Balcones Barking Frog

 

Family Bufonidae – Toads

Bufo Laurenti 1768 – Toads

            Bufo alvarius Girard 1859 – Sonoran Desert Toad

            Bufo boreas Baird and Girard 1852 – Western Toad

                        B. b. boreas Baird and Girard 1852 – Boreal Toad

            Bufo cognatus Say 1823 – Great Plains Toad

 

            Bufo debilis Girard 1854 – Green Toad

                        B. d. insidior Girard 1854 – Western Green Toad

            Bufo microscaphus Cope 1867 “1866” – Arizona Toad

            Bufo punctatus Baird and Girard 1852 – Red-spotted Toad

            Bufo speciosus Girard 1854 – Texas Toad


            Bufo woodhousii Girard 1854 – Woodhouse’s Toad

B. w. australis Shannon and Lowe 1955 – Southwestern Woodhouse’s Toad

                        B. w. woodhousii Girard 1854 – Rocky Mountain Toad

 

Family Hylidae – Treefrogs

Acris Dumιril and Bibron 1841 – Cricket Frogs

            Acris crepitans Baird 1854 – Northern Cricket Frog

                        A. c. blanchardi Harper 1947 – Blanchard’s Cricket Frog

 

Hyla Laurenti 1768 –Treefrogs

            Hyla arenicolor Cope 1866 – Canyon Treefrog

            Hyla wrightorum Taylor 1939 “1938” – Mountain Treefrog

 

Pseudacris Fitzinger 1843 –Chorus Frogs

            Pseudacris maculata (Agassiz 1850) – Boreal Chorus Frog

 

Family Microhylidae – Narrowmouth Toads

Gastrophryne olivacea (Hallowell 1856) - Great Plains Narrow-mouthed Toad

 

Family Ranidae – True Frogs

Rana Linnaeus 1758 –True Frogs

            Rana berlandieri Baird 1859 – Rio Grande Leopard Frog

Rana blairi Mecham, Littlejohn, Oldham, Brown and Brown 1973 – Plains Leopard Frog

            Rana catesbeiana Shaw 1802 – American Bullfrog

            Rana chiricahuensis Platz and Mecham 1979 – Chiricahua Leopard Frog

            Rana pipiens Schreber 1782 – Northern Leopard Frog

            Rana yavapaiensis Platz and Frost 1984 – Lowland Leopard Frog

 

Caudata – Salamanders

 

Family Ambystomatidae – Mole Salamanders

Ambystoma Tschudi 1838 – Mole Salamanders

            Ambystoma tigrinum (Green 1825) – Tiger Salamander

                        A. t. mavortium Baird 1850 – Barred Tiger Salamander

                        A. t. nebulosum Hallowell 1852 – Arizona Tiger Salamander

 

Family Plethodontidae – Woodland Salamanders

Aneides Baird 1849 – Climbing Salamanders

            Aneides hardii (Taylor 1941) - Sacramento Mountains Salamander

 

Plethodon Tschudi 1838 – Woodland Salamanders

Plethodon neomexicanus Stebbins and Riemer 1950 - Jemez Mountains Salamander


Testudines – Turtles

 

Family Chelydridae - Snapping Turtles

Chelydra Schweigger 1812 – Snapping Turtles

Chelydra serpentina (Linnaeus 1758) – Snapping Turtle

                        C. s. serpentina (Linnaeus 1758) – Eastern Snapping Turtle

 

Family Emydidae – Box and Water Turtles

Chrysemys Gray 1844 – Painted Turtles

Chrysemys picta (Schneider 1783) – Painted Turtle

                        C. p. bellii (Gray 1831) – Western Painted Turtle

 

Pseudemys Gray 1856 – Cooters

Pseudemys gorzugi Ward 1984 – Rio Grande Cooter

 

Terrapene Merrem 1820 – American Box Turtles

Terrapene ornata (Agassiz 1857) – Ornate Box Turtle

                        T. o. luteola Smith and Ramsey 1952 – Desert Box Turtle

                        T. o. ornata (Agassiz 1857) – Ornate Box Turtle

 

Trachemys Agassiz 1857 – Sliders

Trachemys gaigeae (Hartweg 1939) – Mexican Plateau Slider

                        T. g. gaigeae (Hartweg 1939) – Big Bend Slider

Trachemys scripta (Schoepff 1792) – Pond Slider

                        T. s. elegans (Wied-Neuwied 1838) – Red-eared Slider

 

Family Kinosternidae - Mud Turtles

Kinosternon Spix 1824 – American Mud Turtles

Kinosternon flavescens (Agassiz 1857) – Yellow Mud Turtle

Kinosternon sonoriense LeConte 1854 – Sonora Mud Turtle

K. s. sonoriense LeConte 1854 – Sonora Mud Turtle

 

Family Trionychidae - Softshell Turtles

Apalone Rafinesque 1832 - North American Softshells

Apalone mutica (Lesueur 1827) – Smooth Softshell

A. m. mutica (Lesueur 1827) – Midland Smooth Softshell

Apalone spinifera (Lesueur 1827) – Spiny Softshell

A. s. emoryi (Agassiz 1857) – Texas Spiny Softshell

A. s. hartwegi (Conant and Goin 1948) – Western Spiny Softshell

 

Squamata – Lizards and Snakes

Sauria – Lizards

 

Family Crotaphytidae – Collared and Leopard Lizards

Crotaphytus Holbrook 1842 – Collared Lizards

Crotaphytus collaris (Say 1823) – Eastern Collared Lizard

 

Gambelia Baird 1859 “1858” – Leopard Lizards

Gambelia wislizenii (Baird and Girard 1852) – Long-nosed Leopard Lizard

 


Family Phrynosomatidae – Zebra -tailed, Earless, Spiny, Tree, Side-blotched, and Horned Lizards

Callisaurus Blainville 1835 – Zebra-tailed Lizards

Callisaurus draconoides Blainville 1835 – Zebra-tailed Lizard

                        C. d. ventralis (Hallowell 1852) – Eastern Zebra-tailed Lizard

 

Cophosaurus Troschel 1852 “1850” – Greater Earless Lizards

Cophosaurus texanus 1852 “1850” – Greater Earless Lizard

                        C. t. scitulus (Peters 1951) – Chihuahuan Greater Earless Lizard

 

Holbrookia Girard 1851 – Lesser Earless Lizards

Holbrookia elegans Bocourt 1874 – Elegant Earless Lizard

H. e. thermophila Barbour 1921 – Sonoran Earless Lizard

Holbrookia maculata Girard 1851 – Common Lesser Earless Lizard

                        H. m. approximans Baird 1859 “1858” – Speckled Earless Lizard

                        H. m. bunkeri Smith 1935 – Bunker’s Earless Lizard

                        H. m. ruthveni Smith 1943 – Bleached Earless Lizard

 

Phrynosoma Wiegmann 1828 – Horned Lizards

Phrynosoma cornutum (Harlan 1825) – Texas Horned Lizard

Phrynosoma hernandesi Girard 1858 – Greater Short Horned Lizard

                        P. h. hernandesi Baird 1858 – Hernandez’s Short Horned Lizard

Phrynosoma modestum Girard 1852 – Round-tailed Horned Lizard

Phrynosoma solare Gray 1845 – Regal Horned Lizard

 

Sceloporus Wiegmann 1828 – Spiny Lizards

Sceloporus arenicolus Degenhardt and Jones 1972 – Sand Dune Lizard

Sceloporus clarkii Baird and Girard 1852 – Clark’s Spiny Lizard

                        S. c. clarkii Baird and Girard 1852 – Sonoran Spiny Lizard

Sceloporus consobrinus Baird and Girard 1853 –Prairie Lizard

Sceloporus cowlesi Lowe and Norris 1956 – Southwestern Fence Lizard

Sceloporus graciosus Baird and Girard 1852 – Common Sagebrush Lizard

                        S. g. graciosus Baird and Girard 1852 – Northern Sagebrush Lizard

Sceloporus jarrovii Cope 1875 – Yarrow’s Spiny Lizard

Sceloporus magister Hallowell 1854 – Desert Spiny Lizard

S. m. bimaculosus Phelan and Brattstrom 1955 – Twin-spotted Spiny Lizard

S. m. cephaloflavus Tanner 1955 – Orange-headed Spiny Lizard

Sceloporus poinsetti Baird and Girard 1852 – Crevice Spiny Lizard

                        S. p. poinsetti Baird and Girard 1852 – Northern Crevice Spiny Lizard

Sceloporus slevini Smith 1937 – Slevin’s Bunchgrass Lizard

            Sceloporus tristichus Cope in Yarrow 1875 –Plateau Lizard

Sceloporus virgatus Smith 1938 – Striped Plateau Lizard

 

Urosaurus Hallowell 1854 – Tree and Brush Lizards

Urosaurus ornatus (Baird and Girard 1852) – Ornate Tree Lizard

                        U. o. levis Stejneger 1890 –Smooth Tree Lizard

                        U. o. schmidti (Mittleman 1940) –Big Bend Tree Lizard

                        U. o. wrightii (Schmidt 1921) –Cliff Tree Lizard

 


Uta Baird and Girard 1852– Side-blotched Lizards

Uta stansburiana Baird and Girard 1852 –Common Side-blotched Lizard

                        U. s. stejnegeri Schmidt 1921 –Eastern Side-blotched Lizard

                        U. s. uniformis Pack and Tanner 1970 –Plateau Side-blotched Lizard

 

Family Gekkonidae –Geckos

Coleonyx Gray 1845 – Banded Geckos

Coleonyx brevis Stejneger 1893 – Texas Banded Gecko

Coleonyx variegatus (Baird 1859 “1858”) – Western Banded Gecko

                        C. v. bogerti Klauber 1945 – Tucson Banded Gecko

 

Hemidactylus Gray 1825 – House Geckos

Hemidactylus turcicus (Linnaeus 1758) – Mediterranean House Gecko

                        H. t. turcicus (Linnaeus 1758) – Turkish House Gecko

 

Family Teiidae --Whiptails

Aspidoscelis Fitzinger 1843 – Whiptails

Aspidoscelis burti (Taylor 1938) – Canyon Spotted Whiptail

                        A. b. stictogramma (Burger 1950) – Giant Spotted Whiptail

Aspidoscelis dixoni (Scudday 1973) – Gray Checkered Whiptail (U)

Aspidoscelis exsanguis (Lowe 1956) – Chihuahuan Spotted Whiptail (U)

Aspidoscelis flagellicauda (Lowe & Wright 1964) – Gila Spotted Whiptail (U)

Aspidoscelis gularis (Baird and Girard 1852) – Eastern Spotted Whiptail

                        A. g. gularis (Baird and Girard 1852) – Texas Spotted Whiptail

Aspidoscelis gypsi (Wright and Lowe 1993) – Little White Whiptail

Aspidoscelis inornata (Baird 1859 “1858”) – Little Striped Whiptail

                        A. i. heptagramma (Axtell 1961) – Trans-Pecos Striped Whiptail

                        A. i. junipera (Wright and Lowe 1993) – Woodland Striped Whiptail

                        A. i. llanuras (Wright and Lowe 1993) – Plains Striped Whiptail

Aspidoscelis marmorata (Baird and Girard 1852) – Marbled Whiptail

                        A. m. marmorata (Baird and Girard 1852) – Western Marbled Whiptail

                        A. m. reticuloriens (Vance 1978) – Eastern Marbled Whiptail

Aspidoscelis neomexicana (Lowe and Zweifel 1952) – New Mexico Whiptail

Aspidoscelis sexlineatus (Linnaeus 1766) – Six-lined Racerunner

                        A. s. viridis (Lowe 1966) – Prairie Racerunner

Aspidoscelis sonorae (Lowe and Wright 1964) – Sonoran Spotted Whiptail (U)

Aspidoscelis tesselata (Say 1823) – Common Checkered Whiptail (U)

Aspidoscelis tigris (Baird and Girard 1852) – Tiger Whiptail

                        A. t. punctilinealis (Dickerson 1919) – Sonoran Tiger Whiptail

                        A. t. septentrionalis (Burger 1950) – Plateau Tiger Whiptail

Aspidoscelis uniparens (Wright & Lowe 1965) – Desert Grassland Whiptail (U)

Aspidoscelis velox (Springer 1928) – Plateau Striped Whiptail (U)

 

Family Scincidae – Skinks

Eumeces Wiegmann 1834 – Great Skinks

Eumeces callicephalus Bocourt 1879 – Mountain Skink

Eumeces multivirgatus (Hallowell 1857) – Many-lined Skink

                        E. m. epipleurotus Cope 1880 – Variable Skink

Eumeces obsoletus (Baird and Girard 1852) – Great Plains Skink

 


Family Anguidae – Alligator Lizards

Elgaria Gray 1838 – Western Alligator Lizards

Elgaria kingii Gray 1838 – Madrean Alligator Lizard

E. k. nobilis Baird and Girard 1852 – Arizona Alligator Lizard

 

Family Helodermatidae – Venomous Lizards

Heloderma Wiegmann 1829 – Gila Monsters and Beaded Lizards

Heloderma suspectum Cope 1869 –Gila Monster

                        H. s. suspectum Cope 1869 – Reticulate Gila Monster

 

Squamata – Snakes

 

Family Leptotyphlopidae – Threadsnakes

Leptotyphlops Fitzinger 1843 – Threadsnakes

            Leptotyphlops dissectus (Cope 1896) – New Mexico Threadsnake

Leptotyphlops dulcis (Baird and Girard 1853) – Texas Threadsnake

                        L. d. dulcis (Baird and Girard 1853)– Plains Threadsnake

Leptotyphlops humilis (Baird and Girard 1853) –Western Threadsnake

                        L. h. segregus Klauber 1939 – Trans-Pecos Threadsnake

 

Family Colubridae – Colubrids

Arizona Kennicott 1859 – Glossy Snakes

Arizona elegans Kennicott 1859 – Glossy Snake

                        A. e. elegans Kennicott 1859 – Kansas Glossy Snake

                        A. e. philipi Klauber 1946 – Painted Desert Glossy Snake

 

Bogertophis Dowling and Price 1988 – Desert Ratsnakes

Bogertophis subocularis Brown 1901 – Trans-Pecos Ratsnake

                        B. s. subocularis Brown 1901 – Trans-Pecos Ratsnake

 

Coluber Linnaeus 1758 – North American Racers

Coluber constrictor Linnaeus 1758 – Eastern Racer

                        C. c. flaviventris Say 1823 – Eastern Yellow-bellied Racer

                        C. c. mormon Baird and Girard 1852 – Western Yellow-bellied Racer

 

Diadophis Baird and Girard 1853 – Ring-necked Snakes

Diadophis punctatus (Linnaeus 1766) – Ring-necked Snake

                        D. p. arnyi Kennicott 1859 – Prairie Ring-necked Snake

                        D. p. regalis Baird and Girard 1853 – Regal Ring-necked Snake

 

Elaphe Fitzinger 1833 – Ratsnakes

Elaphe emoryi (Baird and Girard 1853) – Great Plains Ratsnake

 

Gyalopion Cope 1860 – Western Hook-nosed Snake

Gyalopion canum Cope 1860 – Chihuahuan Hook-nosed Snake

 

Heterodon Latreille 1801 – North American Hog-nosed Snakes

Heterodon nasicus Baird and Girard 1852 – Western Hog-nosed Snake

                        H. n. kennerlyi Kennicott 1860 – Mexican Hog-nosed Snake

                        H. n. nasicus Baird and Girard 1852 – Plains Hog-nosed Snake

 


Hypsiglena Cope 1860 – Fangless Nightsnakes

Hypsiglena torquata (Gόnther 1860) – Nightsnake

                        H. t. janii (Dugθs 1865) – Texas Nightsnake

                        H. t. loreala Tanner 1944 – Mesa Verde Nightsnake

 

Lampropeltis Fitzinger 1843 – Kingsnakes

Lampropeltis alterna (Brown 1901) – Gray-banded Kingsnake

                        L. a. alterna (Brown 1901) – Gray-banded Kingsnake

Lampropeltis getula (Linnaeus 1766) – Common Kingsnake

                        L. g. californiae (Blainville 1835) – California Kingsnake

                        L. g. splendida (Baird and Girard 1853) – Desert Kingsnake

Lampropeltis pyromelana (Cope 1867) – Sonoran Mountain Kingsnake

                        L. p. pyromelana (Cope 1867) – Arizona Mountain Kingsnake

Lampropeltis triangulum (Lacepθde 1789) – Milksnake

                        L. t. celaenops Stejneger 1860 – New Mexico Milksnake

 

Masticophis Baird and Girard 1853 – Whipsnakes

Masticophis bilineatus Jan 1863 – Sonoran Whipsnake

Masticophis flagellum (Shaw 1802) – Coachwhip

                        M. f. piceus (Cope 1892) – Red Racer

                        M. f. testaceus (Say 1823) – Western Coachwhip

Masticophis taeniatus (Hallowell 1852) – Striped Whipsnake

                        M. t. taeniatus (Hallowell 1852) – Desert Striped Whipsnake

 

Nerodia Baird and Girard 1853 – North American Watersnakes

Nerodia erythrogaster (Foster 1771) – Plain-bellied Watersnake

                        N. e. transversa (Hallowell 1852) – Blotched Watersnake

 

Opheodrys Fitzinger 1843 – Greensnakes

Opheodrys vernalis (Harlan 1827) – Smooth Greensnake

 

Pituophis Holbrook 1842 – Gophersnakes and Bullsnakes

Pituophis catenifer (Blainville 1835) – Gophersnake

                        P. c. affinis (Hallowell 1852) – Sonoran Gophersnake

                        P. c. deserticola Stejneger 1893 – Great Basin Gophersnake

                        P. c. sayi (Schlegel 1893) – Bullsnake

 

Rhinocheilus Baird and Girard 1853 – Long-nosed Snakes

Rhinocheilus lecontei Baird and Girard 1853 – Long-nosed Snake

                        R. l. lecontei Baird and Girard 1853 – Western Long-nosed Snake

                        R. l. tessellatus Garman 1883 – Texas Long-nosed Snake

 

Salvadora Baird and Girard 1853 – Patch-nosed Snakes

Salvadora grahamiae Baird and Girard 1853 – Eastern Patch-nosed Snake

                        S. g. grahamiae Baird and Girard 1853 – Mountain Patch-nosed Snake

Salvadora hexalepis (Cope 1866) – Western Patch-nosed Snake

                        S. h. deserticola Schmidt 1940 – Big Bend Patch-nosed Snake

 

Senticolis Dowling and Fries 1987 – Green Ratsnakes

Senticolis triaspis (Cope 1866) – Green Ratsnake

                        S. i. intermedia (Boettger 1883) – Northern Green Ratsnake


Sonora Baird and Girard 1853 – North American Groundsnakes

Sonora semiannulata Baird and Girard 1853 –Groundsnake

                        S. s. semiannulata Baird and Girard 1853 –Variable Groundsnake

 

Tantilla Baird and Girard 1853 – Black-headed Snakes

Tantilla hobartsmithi Taylor 1937 – Smith’s Black-headed Snake

Tantilla nigriceps Kennicott 1860 – Plains Black-headed Snake

Tantilla yaquia Smith 1942 – Yaqui Black-headed Snake

 

Thamnophis Fitzinger 1843 – North American Gartersnakes

Thamnophis cyrtopsis (Kennicott 1860) – Black-necked Gartersnake

                        T. c. cyrtopsis (Kennicott 1860) – Western Black-necked Gartersnake

Thamnophis elegans (Baird and Girard 1853) – Terrestrial Gartersnake

T. e. vagrans (Baird and Girard 1853) –Wandering Gartersnake

Thamnophis eques (Reuss 1834) – Mexican Gartersnake

                        T. e. megalops (Kennicott 1860) – Northern Mexican Gartersnake

Thamnophis marcianus (Baird and Girard 1853) – Checkered Gartersnake

T. m. marcianus (Baird and Girard 1853) – Marcy’s Checkered Gartersnake

Thamnophis proximus (Say 1823) – Western Ribbonsnake

                        T. p. diabolicus Rossman 1963 – Arid Land Ribbonsnake

Thamnophis radix (Baird and Girard 1853) – Plains Gartersnake

Thamnophis rufipunctatus (Cope 1875) – Narrow-headed Gartersnake

Thamnophis sirtalis (Linnaeus 1758) – Common Gartersnake

                        T. s. dorsalis (Baird and Girard 1853) – New Mexico Gartersnake

                        T. s. parietalis (Say 1823) – Red-sided Gartersnake

 

Trimorphodon Cope 1861 – Lyresnakes

Trimorphodon biscutatus (Dumιril, Bibron, and Dumιril 1854) – Western Lyresnake

                        T. b. lambda Cope 1886 – Sonoran Lyresnake

                        T. b. vilkinsonii Cope 1886 – Texas Lyresnake

 

Tropidoclonion Cope 1861 – Lined Snakes

Tropidoclonion lineatum (Hallowell 1856) – Lined Snake

 

Family Elapidae – Coralsnakes

Micruroides Schmidt 1928 – Sonoran Coralsnakes

Micruroides euryxanthus (Kennicott 1860) – Sonoran Coralsnake

                        M. e. euryxanthus (Kennicott 1860) – Arizona Coralsnake

 

Family Viperidae – Vipers

Crotalus Linnaeus 1758 – Rattlesnakes

Crotalus atrox Baird and Girard 1853 – Western Diamond-backed Rattlesnake

Crotalus lepidus (Kennicott 1861) – Rock Rattlesnake

                        C. l. klauberi Gloyd 1936 – Banded Rock Rattlesnake

                        C. l. lepidus (Kennicott 1861) – Mottled Rock Rattlesnake

Crotalus molossus Baird and Girard 1853 – Black-tailed Rattlesnake

                        C. m. molossus Baird and Girard 1853 – Northern Black-tailed Rattlesnake

Crotalus oreganus Holbrook 1840 – Western Rattlesnake

                        C. o. cerberus (Coues 1875) – Arizona Black Rattlesnake


Crotalus scutulatus (Kennicott 1861) – Mohave Rattlesnake

                        C. s. scutulatus (Kennicott 1861) – Northern Mohave Rattlesnake

Crotalus viridis (Rafinesque 1818) – Prairie Rattlesnake

                        C. v. nuntius Klauber 1935 – Hopi Rattlesnake

                        C. v. viridis (Rafinesque 1818) – Green Prairie Rattlesnake

Crotalus willardi Meek 1905 – Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake

C. w. obscurus Harris and Simmons 1976 – New Mexico Ridge-nosed Rattlesnake

 

Sistrurus Garman 1883 – Pygmy Rattlesnakes

Sistrurus catenatus Rafinesque 1818– Massasauga

                        S. c. edwardsii (Baird and Girard 1853) – Desert Massasauga